Iran is the first and the most important exporter of pistachio in the world with more than 350000 hectare of pistachio gardens and producing 60% pistachio of the world. The best pistachio type is produced in cities Kerman, Rafsanjan and Damghan.
Pistachios along with saffron have always been the prime non-oil export product of Iran.
The pistachio a member of the cashew family, is a small tree originating from Central Asia and the Middle East. The treesneed a sunny weather and well-drained soiland take approximately seven to ten years to reach significant production.The fruit is a drupe, containing an elongated seed, which is the edible portion. It has a hard exterior shell and has a mauvish skin and light green flesh, with a distinctive flavor and taste.
Arian (Kala Tous) Investment, Industrial and Trading Group provides different kinds of pistachio in shell or shelled as bellows:
It belongs to the long type of Iranian pistachios, it is also known as the most expensive and exclusive type among other pistachios. It has very unique taste and texture and is harvested in mid-September.
It is also one of long type of Iranian pistachios and is oval shape and its color is specific red. Ahmad Aghaei is the most favorable type in Eastern Asia, in particular China and also in India.
The commercial name is Jumbo. The size and shape is similar to hazelnuts and is one of the famous varieties. More than 70% of world total Jumbo production is in Iran and is harvested in mid-September.
This type of pistachio has round shape and it is different than long pistachios, its length is shorter and is smaller. At present, This Type comprises the largest volume of exports, due to being reasonable in price.